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DEAUVILLE ACCOUNTABILITY REPORT

G8 COMMITMENTS ON HEALTH AND FOOD SECURITY

STATE OF DELIVERY AND RESULTS

THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION CONTRIBUTION

 

 

1. AID AND AID EFFECTIVENESS

AID EFFECTIVINESS

? We will implement and be monitored on all commitments we made in the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness, including enhancing efforts to untie aid; disbursing aid in a timely and predictable fashion, through partner country systems where possible; increasing harmonisation and donor co-ordination, including more programme-based approaches (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communique)

ACTION: The Russian Federation is committed to the principles of the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action. Since 2007 Russian development assistance has been provided under the Concept Note adopted by the President of the Russian Federation. This is a policy framework that reaffirms sustainable poverty reduction as the main objective of Russian participation in the international development co-operation and the MDGs as the basic reference point. The official title of the Concept Note is “Russia’s Participation in the International Development Assistance”.

The Concept Note promotes the aid effectiveness-principles of ownership & alignment, complementarity, predictability & transparency, accountability and monitoring.

Russia welcomes the up-coming Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan (HLF4) as the opportunity for dialogue on aid effectiveness and coordination of actions among international community. HLF4 will bring the focus on the importance of aid as a catalyst for development and attention to development results. Russia considers G20 Development Working Group (DWG) as an effective platform for all participants to coordinate and stimulate measures in the sphere of development. Russia is actively involved in the DWG process as co-facilitator for the Human Resources Development Pillar.

 

? The commitments of the G8 and other donors will lead to an increase in official development assistance to Africa of $25 billion a year by 2010, more than doubling aid to Africa compared to 2004.

…. As we confront the development challenges in Africa, we recognize there is a global development challenge facing the world as a whole. (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communique)  

ACTION: In 2009 Russia has increased ODA substantially to mitigate the adverse impact of crisis, especially in the CIS region, including within the Eurasian Economic Community. Our country proposed to create a new crisis response mechanism for cooperation– EURASEC Anti-crisis Fund in the amount of 10 bln USD, 7.5 bln USD of which is the contribution of the Russian Federation. Besides other purposes this Fund is supporting low-income countries in the region on IDA terms. In 2010 Russian total ODA that is equal to 472,32 mln USD is in the line with planed amount stated in Concept Note “Russia’s Participation in the International Development Assistance”. Using the channels of the EURASEC Anti-crisis Fund Russia provided grant a in amount of 63 mln USD to Tajikistan in 2010.

One of orientations of Russian policy is to improve aid effectiveness and support the use of sectoral and general budget support (GBS). We see the GBS as a way to streamline the process of reforms aiming at poverty reduction and policy stabilisation. In 2010 Russia provided 50 mln USD for Kirgizstan, Nicaragua and Nauru using GBS with the purpose of improvements in social area, including health sector, education and infrastructure.

 

Russia Total ODA Allocated:

2004:

100,00  mln USD

2005:

101,30  mln USD

2006:

101,80  mln USD

2007:

210,78  mln USD

2008:

220,00  mln USD

2009:

785,02  mln USD

2010:

472,32  mln USD

 

2. HEALTH

2.1 HEALTH FINANCING AND STRENGTHENING HEALTH SYSTEMS

? We will continue our efforts towards the goal of providing at least a projected US$ 60 billion to fight infectious diseases and improve health systems. (Heiligendamm 2007: Growth and Responsibility in Africa 48, L’Aquila, 2009: Responsible Leadership for a Sustainable Future)

ACTION:

 

Russia Total ODA Allocated to Health (is compiled in accordance with the OECD methodology):

2006 :  

  20,35 mln USD

2007 :

104,17 mln USD

2008 :

110,29 mln USD

2009 : 

129,13 mln USD

2010 :

over 80 mln USD (preliminary)

 

 

? … we, the Leaders of the G8, working with other Governments, several Foundations and other entities engaged in promoting maternal and child health internationally endorse and launch the Muskoka Initiative, a comprehensive and integrated approach to accelerate progress towards MDGs 4 and 5 that will significantly reduce the number of maternal, newborn and under five child deaths in developing countries the G8 undertake to mobilize as of today $5.0 billion of additional funding for disbursement over the next five years (Muskoka 2010: G8 Muskoka Declaration Recovery and New Beginnings)

ACTION: In contribution to Muskoka initiative Russia will work through bilateral and multilateral (GFATM, WHO, GPEI, World Bank, UNAIDS, UNICEF) channels focusing efforts on evidence-based measures that address major causes of the maternal and child mortality, such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, polio and other infections, low immunization coverage of children, poor sanitation and low quality of pediatric care. Activities will also include technical support of partner countries and address shortage of qualified midwifes and poor access to obstetric care facilities. Strong focus will be on CIS countries in Central Asia and countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, Zambia, Mozambique, Angola, Kenya, Namibia. Russia committed to allocate additional 75 mln USD in 2011-2015 to Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health.

 

? Mobilizing support for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (St. Petersburg 2006: Fight Against Infectious Disease)

ACTION: Russia is a constant supporter of the GFATM since it was established. The Russian Federation considers GFATM as an important mechanism to boost progress on the health related MDGs.

In 2006 Russian government endorsed a decision to become a pure donor of the GFATM by reimbursement of 217 mln USD that were disbursed for projects in Russian Federation. Last tranche under this initiative was transferred in the end of 2010. Moreover, in 2010 Russia pledged 60 mln USD for the Third Replenishment period (FY 2011-2013). This brings Russia’s total commitment to the Global Fund to 316,99 mln USD since 2001.

Russian Contributions to the Global Fund

2001-2008:

155,98 mln USD

            2009:

  79,03 mln USD

          2010:

  21,98 mln USD

 

 

? Building on the valuable G8 Global HIV/AIDS vaccine enterprise, increasing direct investment and taking forward work on market incentives, as a complement to basic research, through such mechanisms as Public Private Partnerships and Advance Purchase Commitments to encourage the development of vaccines, microbicides and drugs for AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and other neglected diseases. (G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communique)

ACTION: The Russian Federation also puts political and programmatic efforts to boost the development of vaccines, microbicides and drugs for infectious diseases and provides assistance in this area to CIS countries. 38 mln USD were set aside in 2008-2010 for HIV vaccine research and coordination of this work with CIS countries. 12 scientific conferences on vaccines and microbicides with participation of scientists from developed and developing countries were organized under the leadership of the Russian Federation during 2005-2009.

The Russian Federation provides a wide political support to the innovative financing mechanisms to encourage research and development for vaccines and drugs.

G8 members (Italy, Canada, Russia and the UK) drove the success of the pilot Advance Market Commitment (AMC) for pneumococcal vaccine, launched together with Norway and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in Rome in February 2007: G8 countries pledged 93.2% of the 1.5 bln USD and have disbursed US 321.5 mln USD to the World Bank since 2009 (93.4% of AMC disbursements). Russia has committed 80 mln USD under AMC initiative for the period 2010-2018. For the present Russia has disbursed 16 mln USD to the AMC initiative.

The aim of the pneumococcal AMC is to stimulate the development and the manufacture of affordable pneumococcal vaccines for developing countries. The AMC predictable price enable companies to sign long term supply commitments and step up manufacturing capability to fulfil them, while allowing developing country governments to budget and plan for immunization programmes, knowing that vaccines will be available in sufficient quantity at an affordable cost.  The success of the AMC has been demonstrated at the end of 2010 - beginning of 2011 when the first introduction of the vaccines took place in several developing countries (Nicaragua, Kenya, Yemen, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guyana), only a few years after the vaccines were available in industrialized countries. In Honduras, Sierra Leone and Mali introduction of vaccines is expected later this year. To date, totally 19 IDA eligible countries have been approved to receive the vaccine. Without this market-shaping incentive, the children of Africa and the developing countries risked to be deprived of this life-saving vaccine for many years.

? Supporting capacity building in the most vulnerable countries in disease-surveillance and early warning systems, including enhancement of diagnostic capacity and virus research (St. Petersburg, 2006: Fight Against Infectious Diseases)

ACTION: The Russian Federation has demonstrated constant efforts in CIS region in the area of providing technical and methodological support of disease surveillance systems in partner countries. Russia is supporting regional and national efforts to improve disease surveillance and increase capacity to implement the revised International Health Regulations (IHR) as well as to improve preparedness and response with regards to pandemic influenza, polio, HIV/AIDS, NTDs and other infectious diseases.

By providing technical support and training on laboratory diagnosis, disease surveillance and containment of outbreaks on the basis of leading Russian research institutions Russia has significantly contributed to allow for better surveillance in the region.

In response to the threat of influenza pandemic the Russian Federation in 2006-2009 contributed 45.8 mln USD to a comprehensive program aimed on capacity building of health systems in CIS countries enabling them to counter the threat of emerging diseases. More than 40 laboratory facilities in Kirgistan, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Uzbekistan were fit up with modern equipment and diagnostic tools, 200 specialists were trained on diagnostic and surveillance of influenza. As a result of this effort the countries implemented activities to strengthen influenza surveillance and response systems. Russia has considerably contributed to CIS region capacity on diagnostic and virus research. Positive outcome of the program was clearly visible during the H1N1 pandemic in 2009 showing enhanced capacities of partner countries to reduce the impact of the disease on their populations.   

Additionally in 2009 the Memorandum of Understanding between Russia and WHO for collaboration in public health at the national, regional and global levels for the period 2009-2013 was signed. Under the framework of this agreement Russia is determined to finance joint projects, including those aimed on implementation of the IHR (2005) and capacity building of laboratory networks in several countries in  Africa and Central Asia. The financial and technical support from the Russian Federation will allow to address critical gaps remaining in African and Central Asian countries on infectious substances shipping, monitoring and diagnostic of epidemic-prone diseases.

The Russian Federation disbursed up to 60 mln USD in 2007-2010 to strengthen existing networks aimed at prevention and mitigating epidemiological consequences of natural, man-made disasters and humanitarian crises, including through effective use of rapid response teams and building partner countries own capacities in this area.

As of today, 10 Russian high-technology rapid anti-epidemic response teams (SPEB) have been upgraded.

3.2. FIGHTING INFECTIOUS DISEASES

? We must also increase our efforts in the fight against other preventable diseases...particularly by increasing the volume and quality of medical research on neglected diseases in developing countries (St. Petersburg 2006: Fight Against Infectious Disease)

ACTION: Under the G8 Presidency Russia prioritized the infectious diseases in the agenda. This effort resulted in first ever separate statement by the leaders about fighting infectious diseases in 2006. The St. Petersburg leaders’ statement covered the whole range of threats put by infectious diseases.

The Government of the Russian Federation allocated 21 mln USD for 2009-2012 to intensify research in the area of neglected tropical diseases, including assistance to partner countries in Africa and Central Asia in building their capacities in surveillance, diagnostic and prevention of NTDs, including leishmaniasis, shistosomiasis, blinding trachoma, etc. As a result new means of diagnostic and prevention of NTDs are developed, test-kits and laboratory equipment  are expected to be delivered to procured to the most affected countries, more than 150 health workers will be trained on special courses on diagnostic of NTDs. Moreover program aims to enhance NTD research and surveillance capacities of partner countries.

In 2010 Russian experts conducted needs assessment of the national NTDs programs of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ethiopia. Bilateral MoСs in the area of fighting NTDs were signed with the Ministries of Health of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. 40 health specialist from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan were trained in Russia on laboratory diagnostic of NTDs.

? HIV/AIDS: Develop and implement a package for HIV prevention, treatment and care, with the aim of as close as possible to universal access to HIV/AIDS treatment for all who need it by 2010

(G8 Gleneagles Summit Africa Communique)

ACTION: The Russian Federation takes a leadership role in development and implementation of policies to pursue the universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care across the Eastern Europe and Central Asia. That includes assistance to CIS countries in the field of HIV-prevention and surveillance. Russia chairs the CIS council on HIV/AIDS. Two consequent 5-years Joint programs to fight HIV/AIDS in CIS countries were developed under the Russian leadership and approved by the CIS heads of governments (2002-2006 and 2009-2013). Russia pushes HIV/AIDS to the top of the agenda in cooperation with other regional intergovernmental organizations (SCO and EurAsEC).  

The Russian Federation in partnership with UNAIDS and GFATM organized and hosted biggest regional HIV/AIDS forum – Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS Conference (EECAAC) in 2006, 2008 and 2009, with more then 2500 participants from more then 50 countries. The Russian Government is a major donor of EECAAC.

 

? Malaria: Working with Africa countries to scale up action against malaria to reach 85% of the vulnerable populations with the key interventions that will save 600,000 children’s lives a year by 2015 and reduce the drag on African economies (Gleneagles 2005: Africa 18(g), reiterated at St. Petersburg, 2006: Fight Against Infectious Diseases)

ACTION: Recognizing the fact that malaria is a major contributor to mother and child mortality in Africa the Russian Federation provides financial contributions to WHO global malaria program and co-finance IDA operations on malaria in Zambia and Mozambique. This includes 15 mln USD contribution in 2008-2010 to provide financial and technical support to strengthen malaria control activities under the World Bank Malaria Booster Program in Zambia and Mozambique and 4 mln USD to WHO Global Malaria Program to support malaria interventions in partner countries in Africa and Middle East regions through a wide range of international training courses as well as capacity building activities.

The funds have contributed to major impact on the malaria problem, especially in Zambia, through the procurement of approximately 300,000 LLINs, the scale-up of the insecticide residual spraying campaign (program covers 1,5 million households), expansion of monitoring and evaluation. Joint investments have clearly contributed to the fact that malaria is no longer the leading cause of young child deaths in Zambia. As a result of the joint efforts 50% of children under-five are now sleeping under bed nets (base-line in 2006 was 24%), 70% of pregnant women are receiving intermittent preventive treatment for malaria as part of routine antenatal care (base-line in 2006 was 59%), annual number of malaria deaths decreased by at least 50%, under-five and infant, mortality reduced by 29% and 26% respectively.

Progress made on key malaria indicators in Zambia:

% of Householders with one bednet increased from 48% (2006) to 72% (2008)

Under five child mortality decreased from 168 (2006) to 119 (2008)

% children with parasitemia decreased from 28,8%(2006) to 10,2%(2008)

% children with anemia decreased from 28,8% (2006) to 10,2%(2008)

 

Since 2008 Russia’s support for the prevention of malaria has resulted in the development of core malaria training modules and organization of seven training courses in African and Middle-East Region. These training programs have enormously contributed to improving the quality and increasing the number of malaria control staff in Africa. Over 160 health professionals have been trained. In addition, Russian resources (funds and expertise) allowed the WHO to provide technical support to several country-level training activities which led to the training of 220 malaria experts. All trained health professionals are engaged in malaria control programs at national, provincial and district levels in African and Middle East countries.

In 2011-2014 Russia continues its efforts to further strengthen the human resource capacity for malaria control and elimination in malaria endemic countries. In collaboration with GMP/WHO Russia will launch  a join project (with over 4.5 mln USD funding) to capacity building aiming at national and district levels in malaria control and elimination with the main focus on African and CIS countries. As the result of the project 45 health workers from African countries and 150 health workers from CIS countries will be trained.

3. FOOD SECURITY

?  Reverse the overall decline of aid and investment in the agricultural sector, and achieve significant increases in support of developing country initiatives, including – in Africa – through full and effective implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) (Toyako, Statement on Global Food Security)

? Increase investment for food security, including additional resources for food and development,  by mobilizing, with other donors,  US $20 billion over three years through the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI)  (L’Aquila 2009: Joint Statement on Global Food Security)

ACTION: In the view of continuous food shortage and food prices volatility Russia expands measures taken to improve global food security by implementing projects in policy analysis, agricultural research, nutrition, safety nets and veterinary support as well as emergency food delivery and development food aid in cooperation with international organisations and bilaterally.

In October 2010 the Russian Government adopted the Comprehensive Programme of Russia’s Participation in the International Agriculture, Fishery and Food Security Cooperation. This step confirms adherence to common international measures and challenges on food security improvements through collaboration and cooperation with international organization in particular FAO, WFP and international forums - G8, G20 and L’Aquila Food Security Initiative as well as through expansion of bilateral cooperation in food security assistance, demand driven technical support to national authorities and academic community.

Russia reaffirms support to global food security under the AFSI frame and justifies its pledge to allocate up to 330 mln USD in the period of 2009-2011. As of today the level of Russian disbursements is around 60% and commitments is around 72%. Russian support is provided mostly through the earmarked trust funds and programs within WFP, World Bank and International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO).

Russian Contribution to the Global Food Security - Disbursements (mln USD 1st quarter)

 

2009

2010

2011

Total

Multilateral Channel

69,9 

62,1 

20,0 

152,0 

Bilateral Channel, including:

6,9 

36,1 

3,0 

46,1 

 

Agriculture, Agro-Industries, Forestry, Fishing

0,0 

0,7 

0,0 

0,7 

 

Nutrition

0,0 

2,0 

3,0 

5,0 

 

Development food aid/food security assistance

6,9 

33,4 

0,0 

40,3 

Grand Total

76,8 

98,2 

23,0 

198,1 

 

 

? Support reform of international agricultural and food security architecture and establishment of  global partnership. (L’Aquila 2009: Responsible Leadership for a sustainable future)

ACTION:  Russia stands on the position that reform of international agricultural and food security architecture is crucial. Russia has implemented a policy of establishing a global partnership in this context especially through the multilaterals. It supports the activities and programs of the World Bank, WFP, and ICDO in the sphere of preventing food crises.

Russia is committed to the adoption of a complex of short-term, mid-term and long-term measures pursuant to the recommendations by the Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA), developed by the UN High Level Task Force, aimed at the ensuring of food security and support of agriculture at the developing countries. At that, the Russian National Strategy for International Development Assistance provides the optimal combination between the assistance and the development aid, the latter being targeted at food security capacity-building in the beneficiary countries.

? We support the implementation of country and regional agricultural strategies and plans through country-led coordination processes (L’Aquila 2009: Joint Statement on Global Food Security)

Since the global food price spike in 2008 Russia has been undertaking measures to enhance food security in Eurasia region by ensuring food access and reducing nutritional vulnerability among poor, support for the governments in the design of sustainable policies as well as emergency food delivery and development food aid in cooperation with international organisations and bilaterally. For these purposes in particular Russia in cooperation with the World Bank established Food Price Crisis Rapid Response TF, jointly with the World Bank and CGIAR undertakes Russian Agricultural Development Aid Cooperation Initiative and implements with the WFP School Feeding Program.

Promoting a more comprehensive approach to food security assistance Russia launched Social Feeding Program in the Eurasia Region to strengthen and adopt national policy of social feeding (schools, hospitals, etc.) to current situation and to ensure quality of nutrition. It aims to mitigate the impact of the economic and social crisis on vulnerable households by ensuring nutrition and improving the access to education, health care, etc.

Currently implemented in cooperation with the WFP, the pilot project in Armenia  provides  nutritionally balanced meals for 50,000 primary schoolchildren in the most vulnerable and food-insecure districts and supports the development of a sustainable and affordable national school feeding policy and programme embedded in national priorities and budgets. Russia is determined to launch Social Feeding Programs in some other CIS countries starting in 2011-2012.

? Research-Innovation

In the light of the need to expand research and innovations in the agricultural and food security to address this area Russia jointly with the CGIAR and the World Bank is undertaking Russian Agricultural Development Aid Cooperation initiative aimed to improve food security in the Eurasian region and globally, to enhance environmental sustainability of agricultural production, in particular in response to climate change and food price volatility, including: new knowledge, analytical tools and empirical evidence on policies and strategies for food security, sustainable agriculture and rural development, strengthened institutional capacity for agricultural and food policy research, and improved content for distance education for effective implementation of food security policies in the region. This new initiative has been implementing through support collaborative research programs focused on the Eurasia region by supporting the CGIAR Fund and Establishment of the Eurasian Centre for Food Security (ECFS). Contribution to CGIAR equals up to 15 mln USD for the period of 2010-2014 for Collaborative Research & Capacity Building Program for the Development of Sustainable and Resilient Agricultural Production Systems in Central Asia under the Conditions of Changing Climate.

? Support smallholder farmers, including through engagement with the private sector

The Russian Food Price Crisis Rapid Response TF with contribution of 15 mln USD in 2008-2010 was established by Russia and the World Bank with the main purpose to reduce the negative impact of high and more volatile food prices on the lives of the poor, support governments in the design of sustainable agricultural and food security policies, including local and regional capacity building, and support broad-based growth in productivity and market participation in agriculture to ensure sustainable food supply response in Eurasia region. Currently implementing in Tajikistan 94,000 households benefited in increasing domestic food production and reducing livestock losses, 4,000 households in the remote areas received potato seeds and fertilizer and 65 community production groups have been established.